# SPEED MATHS

## 5 Number TRICKS:

### When a number is multiplied by 5 = Half of the number × 10

Formula: x×5=Half ofx×10

1. Example:
18×5=90
*Half of 18=9×10=90 1

2Example:

7×5=85

*Half of 17=8.5×10=853

3 Example:

6×5=180

*Half of 36=18×10=1802

4 Example:

36×5=1180

*Half of 236=118×10=11801

5 Example:

364×5=6820

*Half of 1364=682×10=68205

6 Example:

82×5=2910

*Half of 582=291×10=2910

(Try yourself 5 digit short tricks with us)

### When a number is multiplied by 25 = 1/4 of the number × 100

Formula: x×25=(x×1/4)×100

Example:

1.18×25=450

*1/4 of the 18=18×14 100=450

2.120×25=3000

*1/4 of the 120=120×14 100=3000

3.249×25=6225

*1/4 of the 249=249×14 100=6225

4.1364×25=34100

*14 of the 1364=1364×14 100=34100

(Try Yourself another number with 25)

### When a number is multiplied by 125 = 18 of the number × 1000

Formula x×125=(x×1/8)×1000

Example:

1. 5 × 125 = 625

*18 of the 5 = 5 × 1/8 × 1000 = 625

2. 18 × 125=18 × 1/8 ×1000

=2.25 × 1000

=2250

3. 400 × 125=400 × 1/8 ×1000

=50 × 1000

=50000

4. 289 × 125 = 289 × 1/8 × 1000

= 36.125 × 1000

= 36123

## Multiplication by 11

Tricks 1.

33 × 11 = 363

Tricks 2:

38 × 11 = 418

52 × 11=572 (Same as example 1)

Tricks 3.

3 or <3 digit number

## Calendar Test :

1 week - 7 days
1 year - 52 weeks + 1 ordinary days ( ordinary year )
Leap year - 52 weeks+ 2 odd days.

Ordinary year - 28th February.
Leap year - 29 th February.

Days code :

Sunday - 0
Monday - 1
Tuesday - 2
Wednesday - 3
Thursday - 4
Friday - 5
Saturday - 6

Months code :

January - 0
February - 3
March - 3
April - 6
May - 1
June - 4
July - 6
August - 2
September - 5
October - 0
November - 3
December - 5

Years Code :

1600 to 1699 : code number is 6
1700 to 1799 : 4
1800 to 1899 : 2
1900 to 1999 : 0
2000 to  2099 : 6

Exercise:

### Q. 1. What was the day of the week on 26th January 1947 ?

Solution:
Step 1. Last two digit of the year - 47.
Step 2. Above digit is divided by 4 : 47/4= 11 (using this method)
Step 3. Take the Date - 26
Step 4 . Take the code for the month - 00 (for January )
Step 5 . Take the code for year : 00 ( for 1900 to 1999 is 0)
________________________________
Sum = 84
Step 5. - sum/7=84/7=7*12+0 now remaining number is Zero.
Therefore, code "0" is referes to Sunday. So, 26th January 1974 was on Sunday {alertSuccess}

### Q. 2. What was the day of the week on 5th October 2016 ?

Solution:

Step 1. Last two digits of the year - 16

Step 2. Divided by 4 - 04

Step 3. Take the date - 05

Step 4. Take the code for month ( October ) - 00

Step 5. Take the code for year ( 2016 ) - 06

Step 6. Sum/7=31/7=7*4+3

Code 3 refers to wednesday.

So, 5th October 2016 on Wednesday. {alertSuccess}

Condition for Leap Year:

### Q. 3. What was the day of the week on 24 February 2012 ?

Solution:

Last two digits of the year - 12.

Divided by 4 - 03

Take date - 29

Code for month - 03

Code for year - 06

Sum = 53

Now, Sum/7 = 53/7= 7×7+4

In case of leap year, code for the date= Reminder - 1 =4-1=3

Code 3 represents Wednesday.

So 29th February 2012 was on Wednesday. {alertSuccess}